NCERT- Class 6th Civics Notes

NCERT Notes Class 6th Civics

NCERT Notes Class 6th Civics

Chaper.1: Understanding Diversity.


1.Different religions in India are-:

1.Hindu  2.Muslim 3.Christian 4.Sikhs 5.Jain  Buddhism. 7.Judaism 8.Parsi.

2.Diversity in India as-:

1. We speak different languages.

2. Have various types of foods and clothes.

3.Celebrate different festivals

4 Practice different religions.

3.
Samir EkSamir Do
1. Samir is familiar with English.1. Samir do speaks Hindi
2. Samir ek is Hindu.2. Samir do is Muslim
3.Samir ek goes to school.3. Samir do sells newspapers.
4. Samir do is poor.4. Samir do is poor.

4.Ladakh-:

1. Also known as little Tibet.

2. It is a cold desert in the Eastern part of Jammu & Kashmir.

3. In this region, Pashmina wool is produced.

4.Main religions of Ladakh are-: Buddhism & Muslim.
  1. Buddhism reached Tibet via Ladakh.

5.Kerala-:

1. It is a state in the south-southwest corner of India.

2. Nearly 2000 years ago Christianity was brought by St.Thomas.

3. The sea route to India Europe was discovered by Portuguese sea seller  Vasco da Gama in 1498.

4. Main religions Practise in Kerala are-:

1.Judaism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism & Buddhism.

6.Jallianwala Bagh-:

~Massacre in Amritsar (Punjab) 13 April 1919.

7. Discovery of India was written by-: Jawahar Lal Nehru.

8.Indian national anthem composed by-: Rabindranath Tagore.

Chapter.2: Diversity and Discrimination


(No notes)

Chapter.3: What is Government?


1.Functions of the government are-:

1. It protects the boundaries of the country.

2. It maintains peaceful relations with other countries.

3. Ensures food security and good health facilities.

4. It provides assistance to the people who got affected due to natural disasters.

2. There are levels of governments:

1.At the local level-: Local government

2.At the state level-: State government.

3.At the central level-: Central government.

2. There are two types of governments:

1.Democratic.

2.Monarchy.

1~In democratic government the decision-making power is given by the people.

2~In monarchy government, the decisions making powers is with Monarch (King or Queen).

3.Laws of government-:

1. The government has the power to make decisions.

2. The government has the power to enforce its decisions.

4.Features of a democratic government are-:

1. The people have the power to elect their leaders.

2. A democracy is a rule by the people.

3. People choose their respective through the elections.

4. All adults in the country are allowed to vote.

5.Universal Adult Franchise-;

This means that all adults in the country are allowed to vote.

6.Suffrage-: Means right to vote.

In America, women got the right to vote in 1920.

In the UK women got the right to vote in 1928.

7.Young India-: Written by-: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi(1931).

CHAPTER.4: Key Elements of a Democratic Government


1. The key elements that influence the working of democratic government are:

1.Through people's participation.

2.The resolution of conflict.

3.Equality and justice.

2.Apartheid-: It means separation on the basis of race.

3.Nelson Mandela-

Fought the apartheid system in South Africa.

In 1994  South Africa became a democratic country.

4.Ways through which people can participate in a democratic government-:

1.Through voting in elections.

2.By organizing rallies.

3.Through signature campaign.

4. Dharana and strikes.

5.By organizing themselves into social movements.

6. Conflicts occur when people of different cultures, religions, regions or economic backgrounds do not get along with each other. Or when some among them feel they are being discriminated against.

  • The government is responsible for helping to resolve conflicts.

7.Cauvery river-: Water dispute between Karnataka & Tamil Nadu.

8.Krishna Sagar dam: Karnataka

Mettur dam: Tamil Nadu.

Chapter.5.PANCHAYATI RAJ


1.Gram Sabha: It is a meeting of all adults who live in the area covered by a panchayat.

2. Every village panchayat is divided into Wards.

3. Each ward elects a representative who is known as Ward master.

4. Head of the village or Panchayat is Sarpanch.

5. Sarpanch is also known as Panchayat President.

6. Gram panchayat is elected for Five Years.

7. Secretary of the Gram Sabha is appointed by the government.

8.BPL-: Below Poverty Line

9.The works of the Gram Panchayat are-:

1.The construction and maintenance of water sources, roads, drainage.

2. Levying and collecting local taxes.

3. Executing government schemes.

10.Source of funds for the Panchayat:

1.Collection of taxes on houses, marketplaces.

2. The fund received through various government schemes.

3. Donations for community works.

11.BDO-: Block Development Officer.

12. Three levels of Panchayat are- :

1.Panchayati Raj.

2.Panchayat Samiti or Janpad Panchayat.

3.Zila Parishad.

NCERT Notes Class 6th Civics

Chapter.6: RURAL ADMINISTRATION


1.FIR: First information report

SHO: Station house officer

SP: Superintendent of police.

2.The responsibility of the police are-:

1. To ensure the cases.

2. To investigate.

3. Take action on the cases within its area.

3.Head of the Police Station: SHO

4.In charge of all police station in a district: SP

5.Two main works of the Patwari are-:

1. Measuring lands.

2.Keeping land records.

6.Other works performed by the Patwari are-:

1.Collection of land revenue from the farmers.

2. Providing information to the government about the crops grown.

7.The administrative head of the District-: District Collector.

8. Tehsildar is the revenue officer.

9.Works of tehsildar are-:

1. To supervise the work of the Patwari.

2. To ensure that records are properly kept.

3. Hear dispute related to land.

4. Students can obtain their caste certificate.

10.Hindu Succession Amendment Act 2005-:

According to this act sons, daughters and their mother's can get the equal share in the land of their father.

Also, check: NCERT Class 6th History Notes

Chapter.7: Urban Administration


1.Work of Municipal Corporation-:

1. Take care of street lights.

2.Garbage collection.

3.Water Supply.

4. Keeping the streets and the market clean.

2. The municipal corporation earns money to do its work from-:

1.Tax paid by the people for providing different services.

2. People who own homes have to pay property tax.

3.Education tax & other amenities.

3. Municipal Councilor is the elected representative of the ward in the city.

4. Children went to the Yasmin Khala’s house because they have broken the street light and they do not know whom they approach to pay for it. Yasmin Khala had retired from Municipal Corporation so she may help them for which children went to her.

CHAPTER.8: Rural Livelihood


1.Non-farm work done by the villagers in Kapattu-:

1. Making baskets, utensils, pots, bricks etc.

2.Shopkeeping.

3.Fishing.

4.Transportation.

5.Mechanics..

2.Different types of people in Kalapattu who depended on farming-:

Thulasi.        Ramalingam.  Sekar

Among them, Sekar is the poorest because he doesn't own much land. He uses to work on other's land and take a loan from the trader.

3. In rural areas poor families often spend a lot of time every day by-:

1.Collecting firewoods

2.Getting water.

3. Grazing their cattle.

4.Terrace cultivation-:

This means that land on a hill slope is made into plots and covered carved out into steps. The sides of each plot are raised in order to retain water. This allows water to stand in the field.

5. An additional source of income for the villagers are- :

1.Collection of Mahua.

2.Collection of tendu leaves.

3.Collection of honey.

6.Main features of rural livelihood:

1. People in the rural area earn their living by working on farms and non-farms activities.

2. They depend on nature on for the growth of crops.

3. Rural people in different regions of the country grow different crops.

4. Most of the rural people are engaged during a specific season of the year.

Chapter.9: Urban Livelihood


1.Difference between permanent and casual jobs-:
Permanent job Casual job
1. Working hour is fixed.  1. There is no fixed time.
2. They get a regular salary. 2. They get the salary for the number of days they worked.
3. They got savings for old days.       3.No, such facilities.
4. They get off Sunday and national holidays.          4. They don't get such holidays.
5.Medical facilities for the family. 5. There are no such facilities.
6. They cannot be removed 6. They can ask to leave when there is no work.



 2. Sudha along with her salary get following benefits-:

1.Savings for old days

2.Holidays and other leaves.

3.Medical facilities for her family.

NCERT Notes Class 6th Civics(End)


Also, check: NCERT Class 6th History Notes

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