NCERT Notes For Class 7th Civics

NCERT Class 7th Civics Notes

NCERT Class 7th Civics Notes

Chapter.1: On Equality






1. Two ways in which the government had tried to implement the equality are:

1.Through laws.

2. Through government programs or schemes to help disadvantaged communities.

2. Provisions included for the equality are-:

1. Every person is equal before the law.

2. Everyone has access to all public places.

3.No person can be discriminated against on the basis of their religion, race, caste, place of birth or gender.

4. Tamil Nadu was the first state in India to introduce midday meal scheme in 2001.

5.The Civil Rights Act of 1964:

Prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, religion or national origin.

6.Dr.B.R. Ambedkar known as the father of Indian constitution.

Chapter.2: Role of the Government in Health






1.Health: It means our ability to remain free from illness or injuries.

2. Communicable diseases are borne through water, food or direct contact with an infected person.

Examples: Diarrhoea, worms, hepatitis etc.

3. Two type of health facilities are:

1.Public health facilities.

2.Private health facilities.

4.PHC: Primary health care center

RMPS: Registered medical practitioners.

OPD: Out patient department

5.Difference between public & private health services:
Public health servicesPrivate health services
1. These are provided by the government.1. These are provided by an individual or group.
2. These services are available in both urban & rural areas.2. . These services are available in urban areas only.
3. These are provided free of cost.3. These services are very expensive and costly.
4. Poor people can easily afford.4. Only rich people can afford.
5. Their main motive is social welfare.5. Their main motive is profit making.



6. Costa-Rica is considered to be one of the healthiest countries in South America.

7. Following steps can be taken by the government to provide healthcare for all:

1. It can establish hospitals.

2. It can open a primary health center(PHO).

3. Doctors can be appointed.

4. Ambulance facility can be provided.

Chapter.3: How the State Government works






1.MLA: Member of Legislative Assembly.

They are elected by the people.

They are together responsible for the work of the government.

2.Government: It refers to the government department and various ministers.

Overall head of the government: Chief minister.

The chief minister is called the executive part of the government.

All the MLAs who gather together in the legislative assembly are called Legislative.

3. Different work of the state government are:

1. To look after the sanitation.

2. To look after the healthcare.

3. To provide safety & security to the people.

4. To provide clean drinking water.

5. To provide public transport.

Chapter.4: Growing Up As Boys And Girls






1.The condition of domestic workers:

1. They are paid very fewer wages as domestic works do not have much value.

2. Their day begins as early as five in the morning and ends as late as 12  at night.

3. Their employer often does not show them much respect.

2. Girls use to move in groups due to the following reasons:

1. They have fear of boys.

2. They have fears of being teased or abused.

3. They have fears of being attacked by some social elements.

3.CSO: Central Statistical Organisation.

Chapter.5: Women Change The World






1.The first women engine driver for northern railways:

Laxmi Lake

2. The first autobiography was written by Indian women:

Amar Jiban(in Bengali)

Written by Rassundari Devi.

3.The official term for Dalits: Scheduled Caste(SC)

The official term for Adivasis:

Scheduled Tribe(ST)

4. Different methods adopted for the protests or movement are:

1.Poster campaignings.

2.Through street plays.

3.Through public meetings.

4.Through strikes.

5.Domestic Violence:

1. This law was passed in 2006.

2. Women who face physical and mental violence within their homes is called domestic violence.

6.1977: Supreme court has formulated guidelines to protect women against sexual harassment at the workplace and within educational institutions.

7.8th March: International Women's Day.

NCERT Class 7th Civics Notes continue

Chapter.6: Understanding Media






1.Media: It is the plural form of medium.

~It describes the various range through which we communicate in society.

~Media refers to all means of communication everything ranging from a phone call to the evening news on T.V

2. Forms of media are:

TV, radio, and newspapers.

3. Types of Media are:

1.Print media.

Examples: newspapers, magazines

2.Electronic media.

Examples: TV, radio, and the internet.

4. One way in which the mass media earns money is by advertising different things.

5.Role of media in the democracy:

1. It provides news and discussing events taking place in the country and the world.

2. In a democracy media is an independent which do not control and influence by others.

3. Through media, we hear about issues related to the working of the government.

4. The media decides to focus on and in this way it sets the. agenda.

Chapter.7: Understanding Advertising


1.Brand: It means stamping a product with a particular name or sign.

2. Building brands are central to advertising:

1. So, that more get attracted towards a specific brand.

2.By which every company wants to earn more and more profit.

3.A product can easily compete with other brands in the market.

3. Advertising is the promotion of goods.

4. Advertisements play a big role in our life as:

1. It appeals to our personal emotions.

2. Certain brand products influence the ways in which we think about ourselves, our friends & our families.

3. It provides new information regarding the product.

4. It helps in making choice among the different articles.

Chapter.8: Markets Around Us






1.Market: A place where people meet to buy and sell.

2.Types of markets:

1.Daily market.

2.Weekly market.

3.Shopping malls.

3.Daily market:

1. It opens all the days of the week.

2. There are permanent shops.

3. Things are available at higher prices.

4.Weekly markets:

1.Opens on a specific day of the week.

2. There are no permanent shops.

3.Things very cheaper.

4. Traders set up shops for the day and then close them in the evening.

5.Shopping malls:

1. These are run in big buildings.

2. Only branded things available here.

3. Things are very costly.

4.The company provides the warranty to the consumers.

6.Chain of markets:

1.Producer

2.Wholesale traders.

3.Distributors.

4.Retailers.

5.Consumer.

7.Hawker:

1. Sell things door to door.

2. They specially sell vegetables.

3.Things available for few hours only.

4. Things are available at a lower price.

8.Shop owner:

1. Things are available at higher prices.

2. They sell everything.

3.Things available every time.

4. They have permanent shops.

Chapter.9: A Shirt In The Market






1.Putting-out system: The arrangement between the merchant and the weavers is an example of the putting-out system.Where the merchant supplies raw materials and receives the finished products.

2. Erode’s bi-weekly cloth market in Tamil Nadu is one of the largest cloth markets in the world.

3.The process of making Shirt:

1. Trader sells the cotton in the market.

2. Ginning mills buy the cotton.

3. Ginning mill removes the seeds and presses the cotton into bales.

4. Spinning mill buys the bales.

5. Spinning mill spines the cotton into yarns.

6. Spinning mill sells the yarn to yarn dealers.

7. Yarn dealers or merchants give the yarn to the weavers.

8. Weavers return with the cloth.

9. Garment exporters buy the cloth from merchants for making shirts.

10. The exporter sells shirts to the businessperson.

11. Customer buys shirts on the market.

Chapter.10: Struggles For Equality






1.Tawa Dam: It is in Madhya Pradesh.

Construction was started in 1958 and it was completed in 1978.

2.Problems of people:

~The government gave the right to catch the fish to private contractors , now the local people were no longer permitted to catch fish.

3.Different ways to protest government decision by the people:

1. People formed Tawa Matsya Sangh.

2. They organized rallies and a chakka jam.

3. They organized public meetings and strikes.

~In 1996 the government decided to give the right to local people to catch the fish.

NCERT Class 7th Civics Notes(End)


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NCERT Class 7th Civics Notes

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