NCERT Solutions Class-6th HISTORY

NCERT Class-6th HISTORY Solutions  

NCERT Class-6th HISTORY Solutions

Chapter.1: What, Where, How And When?


1.Match the following-:

1.Narmada valley  -> Hunting & gathering

2.Magadha  -> The first big kingdom.

3.Garo hills  ->  Early agriculture.

4.Indus and its tributaries -> The first cities

5.Ganga valley   -> Cities about 2500 years ago.

2.List one major difference between manuscripts & inscriptions-:

Ans-
ManuscriptInscriptions
1. It had written by hand.     1.it had written on relatively hard surfaces with help of tools.
2. It had written on palm leaves & bark of birch tree.     2. Kings had kept records of their victories in battles by inscriptions.

(You can choose one which you like or both)

3. Describe at least two ways in which you think the lives of kings would have been different from those of farmers.

Ans-1.Kings got their orders inscribed so that people could see, read & obey them.

2. Kings had kept the records of their victories.

4. Make a list of all the objects that archaeologists may find. Which of these could be made of stone?

Ans-Archaeologists may find-:

Tools,inscriptions,weapons,coins,pans,pots etc.

Among these tools & weapons could be made of stone.

Chapter.2: On the Trail of the Earliest people


Let's recall.

1.Complete the sentences-:

1. Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because these were best survival places.

2. Grassland developed around 1200 years ago.

3. Early people painted on the walls of caves.

4. In Hunsgi tools are made of limestone.

Chapter.3: From Gathering To Growing Food


1. Why do people who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time?.

Ans-1.To look after the plants.

2.For watering the plants.

3.For driving away animals and birds.

4.For weeding.

2. Why do archaeologists think that many people who lived in  Mehrgarh were hunters to stay with and that herding became more important later?

Ans-1.Mehrgarh is located in a fertile plain near the Bolen pass.

2. Mehrgarh was probably one of the places where women and man learned to grow barley and wheat and rear sheep and goats.

3. Archaeologists who excavated the site found evidence of many kinds of animal bones.

4. They found more bones of sheep and goat and in still later levels, cattle bones were most common suggesting that this were the animals that were generally kept by the people.

This makes the archaeologists think so.

3.State whether true or false:

1. Millets have been found at  Hallur.TRUE

2. People in Burzahom lived in rectangular houses.FALSE

3. Chirand is a site Kashmir. FALSE

4. Jadeite found in Daojali Handing may have been brought from China.TRUE

4. List three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from that of hunter-gatherers.

Ans- 1.Farmers and herders lived a settled life.

2. They had lived in huts made of mud.

3. They had domesticated animals.

4. Farmers and herders had lived in groups.

5. They had eaten cooked foods, rice & millets.

5. Make a list of all the animals mentioned in the table. For each one describe what they may have been used for.

Ans-1.The dog was the first animal to be domesticated.

2. Sheep & goats were also the domesticated animals.

3. The animals like sheep, goats, and cattle lived in herds.

4. Animals like horse were called packed animals because they were used for carrying loads.

Chapter.4: In The Earliest Cities


1. How do archaeologists know that cloth was used in the Harappan civilization?

Ans-Actual pieces of cloth were found attached to the list of a silver vase and some copper objects at Mohenjo Daro.

Archaeologists have also found spindle whorls made of terracotta and faience. These were used to spin thread.

2.Match the following-:

1 Copper.                  Rajasthan

2.Gold.                       Karnataka

3.Tin                          Afghanistan

precious stones.      Gujarat.

3. Why were metals, writing, the wheel and plough important for the Harappans?.

Ans-Metals-: These were used for making tools and ornaments.

Writing-: They used this sign to convey their ideas or messages.

Wheel-: Used for making carts and pots.

Plough-: Used for digging the earth, turning the soil and planting seeds.

4. Do you think that the life of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities was different from that of the farmers and herders you read about in chapter 3?Give reasons for the answer.

Ans-Yes.

  1. Farmers and herders stored their food in granaries.

2. To increase the production they developed the method of irrigation and their instruments.

3. They domesticated many animals like dog, ox, goat & sheep.

Chapter.5: What Books & Burials Tell Us


1.Match the following-:

1.Sukta.                Well said

2. Ghariots.           Used in battles

3.Yajna.                Sacrifice

4.Dasa.                 slave

5.Megaliths.         Stone Boulder

2. Complete the sentences.

1. Slaves were used for Dasa the Deccan south

2. Megaliths are found in north-east and Kashmir.

3. Stone circles or boulders on the surface were used to make burials sites.

4. Ports holes were used for entrance.

5. People at Inamgaon ate wheat, barley, rice, pulses, millets, peas, and sesame.

3. In what ways are the books we read today different from Rigveda?

Ans-1.The Rigveda is in old or Vedic-Sanskrit, which is different from the Sanskrit we read in school these days.

2. The books we use are written and printed.

3. The Rigveda was recited and heard rather than read.

4. What kind of evidence from burials do archaeologists use to find out whether there were social differences amongst those who were buried?

Ans-1.The objects found with a skeleton probably belonged to the dead persons.

2. Megaliths contain more than one skeleton.

3. This indicates that people, perhaps belonging to the same family were buried in the same place.

5. In what ways do you think that the life of a raja was different from that of a Dasa or Dasi?

1. Dasa or Dasi worked for the raja.

2. Dasa or Dasi treated as a slave of the raja.

3. They were treated as the property of their owners.

NCERT Class-6th HISTORY Solutions continue

Chapter.6: Kingdoms Kings And An Early Republic


1.State whether true or false.

1. Rajas who let The Ashvamedha horse pass through their lands were invited to the sacrifice.TRUE

2. The charioteer sprinkled sacred water on the king.FALSE

3. Archaeologists have found places in the settlements of the Janapadas.TRUE

4. Pots to store grain were made out of Painted Grey Ware.TRUE

5. Many cities in mahajanapadas were fortified.TRUE

2. Why did the rajas of Mahajanapadas build forts?

Ans-1.To protect themselves from attacks.

2. To show how rich they are.

3. To show their power.

Chapter.7: New Questions And Ideas


1. Write whether true or false:

  1. The Buddha encouraged animal sacrifices.FALSE

2. Sarnath is important because it was the place where Buddha taught for the first time.TRUE

3. The Buddha taught that Karama has no effect on our lives.FALSE

4. The Buddha attained enlightenment at Bodh Gaya.TRUE

Upanishadic thinkers believed that the atman and Brahman were ultimately one.TRUE.

2. Describe the ways in which the Buddha tried to spread his message to the people.

Ans-1.He taught that life is full of sufferings & unhappiness.

2 He taught that this could be removed by the following moderation in everything.

3. He also taught people to be kind & to respect the lives of others, including animals.

4. He believed that the Karma has an effect both in this life & the next.

3. What were the questions that Upanishadic thinkers wanted to answers?

Ans-1.To know about life after death.

2. To know why sacrifices are performed.

3. Is there was something permanent in the universe that would last even after death.

4. They believed that both the atman and the Brahma were one.

4. What were the main teachings of the Mahavira?

Ans-1.Men & women who wished to know the truth must leave their homes.

2. They must follow very strictly the rules of ahimsa.

3. Ordinary people could understand the teachings so, he used Prakrit.

4. He taught that they should be honest & were specially asked not to steal.

Chapter.8: Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War


1.Complete the following sentences-:

1. Officials collected taxes from the area under the direct control of the ruler.

2. Royal princes often went to the provinces as governor.

3. The Mauryan rulers tried to control roads and rivers which were important for transport.

4. People in forested regions provided Mauryan officials with elephants, timber, honey & wax.

2.State whether true or false.

1. was the gateway to the north-east.FALSE

2.C Chandragupta's ideas were written down in the Arthashastra.FALSE

3. Kalinga was the ancient name of Bengal.FALSE

4. Most Ashokan inscriptions are in the Brahmi script.TRUE

3. What were the problems that Ashoka wanted to solve by introducing dhamma?

Ans-1.People in the empire followed different religions and this sometimes leads to conflict.

2. Animals were sacrificed.

3. Slaves & servant were ill-treated.

4. There were quarrels in families and amongst neighbors.

4. Make a list of the occupations of the people who lived within Mauryan empire.

Ans-1.Farmers 2.Traders  3.Herders. 4.Craftspersons.

5. What were the means adopted by Ashoka to spread the message the of the dhamma?

Ans-1.He appointed officials known as Dhanna Mahamatta.

2. He got his message inscribed on rock & shelters.

3. He also introduced his officials to read his message to those who could not read it themselves.

4. Ashoka also sent messengers to spread his ideas to Greece, Syria, Egypt & Srilanka.

Chapter.9: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns



  1. Fill in the blanks.

1. Vellar was a word used for large landowners in Tamil.

2. The grambhojka often got his land cultivated by the slaves and hired workers.

3. Ploughman was known as Uzhavar in Tamil.

4. Most grihpatis were small landowners.

2. Describe the function of the Gramabhojaka. Why do you think he was powerful?

Ans-1.To collect taxes from the villages.

2. He functions as a Judge.

3. Sometimes he functions as a policeman also.

3. Choose the correct answers:

  1. Rings wells were used for

A.Bathing

B.Washing clothes

C.Irrigation.

D.Drainage.

2. Punch marked coins were made of

A.Silver

B.Gold

C.Tin

D.Ivory

3. Mathura was an important

A.Village

B.Port

C.Religious centre

D.Forested areas

4. Shrenis were associations of

A.Rulers

B.Craftspersons

C.Farmers

D.Herders

Chapter.10: Traders Kings And Pilgrims


1.Match the following

1. Muvender - Cholas,cheras & pandyas

2.Lords of the Dakshinapatha. - Satavahana rulers

3.Ashvaghosha.   -  Buddhacharita

4.Bodhisattvas.   -  Mahayana Buddhism

5.Xuan Zang.   -   Chinese Pilgrim

2. Why did kings want to control the silk route?

Ans-1.They would benefit from taxes, tributes, and gifts that were brought by traders traveling along the route.

2. They Often protect the traders who passed through their Kingdoms from attacks by robbers.

3. What were the main features of Bhakti?

1.Anybody whether rich or poor belong to the so-called ‘high’ or ‘low ‘ castes man or woman could follow the path of the Bhakti.

2. It is the devotion of a person toward its deity.

3. Those who follow the system of Bhakti emphasized devotion and individual worship of a god or goddess.

4. Discuss the reasons why the Chinese pilgrims came to India.

Ans-They came to visit places associated with the life of the Buddha as well as famous monasteries.

5. What kinds of evidence do historians use to find out about trade routes?

Ans-There must have been quite a lot of trade, as many roman gold coins have been found in South Asia.

6. Why do you think that ordinary people were attracted to Bhakti?

1. It is believed that if devote worship of his/her chosen deity with a pure heart the deity will appear in the form in which he or she may desire.

2. Any person could follow the path of Bhakti without discrimination.

Chapter.11: New Empires And Kingdoms


1.State whether true or false

1. Harishena composed a Prashasti in praise of Gautamiputra Shri Satakarni.FALSE

2. The rulers of Aryavarta brought tributes for Samudragupta.FALSE

3. There were twelve rulers in Dakshinapatha.TRUE

4. Taxila and Madurai were important centers under the control of the Gupta rulers.FALSE

5. Aihole was the capital of the Pallavas.FALSE

6. Local assemblies functioned for several centuries in south-India.TRUE

2.Mention three authors who wrote about Harshavardhana.

Ans-1.Aryabhatta 2.Banabhata 3.Xuanzang.

3. What changes do you find in the army at this time?

Ans-1.The soldiers were not paid regular salaries instead some of them received grants of land.

2. They collect revenue from the land and used this to maintain soldiers and horse.

3. The army included elephants, chariots, cavalry and foot soldiers



4. What were the new administrative arrangements during this period?

Ans-1.Some important administrative posts were now hereditary.

2. Sometimes one person held many offices.

2. Important men probably had a say in local administration.

Chapter.12: Buildings, Paintings, And Books


1.Match the following:

1Stupa.  - Mound

2.Shikhara. -  Tower

3.Mandapa.  - Place in temples where people could assemble

4.Garbhagriha.   - Place where the image of the deity is installed

5.Pradakshina Patha.  - Circular path around the stupa.

2. Fill in the blanks-:

1. Aryabhata was a great astronomer.

2. Stories about gods and goddess are found in the Puranas.

3. Valmiki is recognized as the author of the Sanskrit Ramayana.

4.  Silappadikaram and Manimekalai are two Tamil epics.

NCERT Class-6th HISTORY Solutions(End)


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