NCERT Solutions For Class 7th History

NCERT Class 7th History Solutions


NCERT Class 7th History Solutions




Chapter.1: Tracing Changes Through A Thousand Years






1. Who was considered a foreigner in the past?

Ans-Foreigner was any stranger who, say appeared in a given village, someone who was not a part of that society or culture.

A city dweller, therefore, might have regarded a forest dweller as a foreigner.

2. State whether true or false:

1. We do not find inscriptions for the period after 700.false

2. The Marathas asserted their political importance during this period.true

3. Forest-dwellers were sometimes pushed out of their lands with the spread of agriculture settlements.true

4. Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban controlled Assam, Manipur, and Kashmir.false

3. Fill in the blanks:

1. Archives are places where manuscripts are kept.

2. Ziyauddin Barani was a fourteenth-century chronicler.

3. Corn, potatoes, chilies, tea, and coffee were some of the new crops introduced into the subcontinent during this period.

4. List some of the technological changes associated with this period.

Ans-1.The Persian wheel in irrigation.

2.The spinning wheel in weaving.

3.Firearms in combat.

5. What were some of the major religious developments during this period?

Ans-Merchants and migrants first brought the teachings of the Holy Quran and the Bible.

Muslims regard the Quran as their holy book and accept the sovereignty of the one god Allah.

Many rulers were patrons of Islam and the ulama-learned theologians and jurists.

Like Hinduism, Islam was interpreted in a variety of ways by its followers.

6. In what ways has the meaning of the term Hindustan changed over the centuries?

Ans-Hindustan-:

Today we understand it as The modern nation-state. During the thirteenth century, it included the areas of Punjab, Haryana and the lands between the Ganga and Yamuna. In the early sixteenth century Babar used it to describe the geographically, the fauna and the culture of inheritance of the subcontinent.

7. How were the affairs of jati regulated?

Ans-1.Jatis formed their own rules and regulations.

2. These regulations were enforced by the jati Panchayat.

3. But jatis have to follow the rules of their villages.

4. Several villages were governed by a chieftain.

8. What does the term pan-regional empire mean?

Ans- Across most of the subcontinent, the regions were left with legacies of the big and small states that had ruled over them.

9. What were the difficulties historians face in using manuscripts?

Ans-As scribes copied manuscripts, they also introduced small changes - a word here, a sentence there. These small differences grew over centuries of copying until same text became substantially different from one another.

10. How do historians divide the past into periods? Do they face any problem in doing so?

Ans- 1. British historians divided the history of India into three periods:

Hindu-------->Muslim------->British

  1. In doing so they  faced two problems:

  2. First, economic and social changes keep taking place hence definite boundaries cannot be drawn.

2. Second, these periods are compared with modernity. Modernity gives a sense of progress. This implies that there was no progress before, which is not true.

Chapter.2: New Kings And Kingdoms






1.Match the followings:

Gurjara-Pratiharas → Gujarat & Rajasthan

Rashtrakutas. → Western Deccan

Palas →  Bengal

Cholas →  Tamil Nadu

2. Who were the parties involved in the tripartite struggle?

Ans-1.Gurjara- Pratihara.

2.Rashtrakuta

3.Palas.

3. What were the qualifications necessary to become a member of a committee of the Sabha in the Chola empire?

Ans-1.Owner of land from which land revenue is collected.

2. They should have their own homes.

3.Age between 35 to 70.

4.Knowledge of Vedas.

4. What were the two major cities under the control of the Chahamanas?

Ans-1.Delhi.  2.Ajmer

5. How did the Rashtrakutas become powerful?

Ans-Rashtrakutas were subordinate to the Chalukyas of Karnataka (Deccan).

Maha-mandaleshvara-> the great Lord of circle or region.

Maharaja-adhiraj -> Great King (Overlord of kings)

Tribhuvana -> chakravartin ->Lord of three worlds.

6. What did the new dynasties do to gain acceptance?

Ans- To gain acceptance:

1. The new dynasties took on new titles performed religious rituals which would make them part of the Kshatriyas.

2. Men from enterprising families used their military skills to carve out kingdoms.

7. What kind of irrigation works developed in the Tamil region?

Ans-1.Canals were constructed.

2. Huge tanks were constructed to collect rainwater.

3. Wells were dug.

8. What were the activities associated with the Chola temples?

Ans-1.These were centers of craft production.

2. Temples were endowed with land by rulers as well as by others.

3. They were the hub of economic, social and cultural life.

9.Rulers and their ruled areas-:

1.Chalukyas-: Gujarat

2.Gahadavalas-: Western Uttar Pradesh

3.Gurjara Pratihara-: Gujarat and Rajasthan

4.Palas-: Bengal

5.Rashtrakuta-: Western Deccan

6.Cholas-: Tamil Nadu

Chapter.3: The Delhi Sultans


1. Which rulers first established his or her capital at Delhi?

Ans- Tomara Rajputs first established their capital at Delhi.

2. What was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans?

Ans-Persian

3. In whose reign did the Sultanate reach its farthest extent?

Ans-Alauddin Khalji.

4.From which country did Ibn Battuta travel to India?

Ans- From Morocco (Africa)

6. What is meant by the internal and external frontiers of the Sultanate?

Ans-1.Along the internal frontier of the sultanate aimed at consolidation of the garrison town.

2. The second expansion occurred along the external frontier of the sultanate.

Chapter.4: The Mughal Empire






1.Match the following:

mansab → rank

Mongol. →  Uzbeg

Sisodiya Rajput. →  Mewar

Rathore Rajput.  → Marwar

Nur Jahan.   → Jahangir

subadar.   → governor

2. Fill in the blanks:

1. The capital of Mirza Hakim, Akbar's half-brother, was Kabul.

2. The five Deccan Sultanates were Berar, Khandesh, Ahmadnagar, Bijapur & Golconda.

3. If zat determined a mansabdar ’s rank and salary, sewar indicated his position/strength.

4. Abdul Fazl, Akbar's friend, and counselor helped him frame the idea of sulh-i-kul so that he could govern a society composed of many religions, cultures, and castes.

3. What were the central provinces under the control of the Mughals?

Ans-Delhi and Ajmer.

4. What was the relationship between the mansabdar and the jagir?

Ans-1.Mansabdar received their salaries as revenue assignment called jagirs.

2. Most mansabdars did not actually reside in or administer their jagirs.

3. In Akbar’s reign, these jagirs were carefully assessed so that their revenue was roughly equal to the salary of the mansabdar.

5. What was the role of the zamindar in Mughal administration?

Ans-1.He has to pay taxes to increase the revenue for the mughals.

2. In some areas, zamindar exercised a great deal of power.

3. Sometimes zamindars and peasants use to rebel against Mughal authority.

Chapter 5: Rulers And Buildings






1. How is the trabeate principle of architect different from the arcuate?

Ans-Trabeate: It is a style of architecture in which roofs, doors, and windows were made by placing a horizontal beam across two vertical columns.

2. What is a share?

Ans-It is a tower-like structure on the top of the temple

3. What is pietra-dura?

Ans-PietrChaptera dura: Coloured hard stones placed in depressions covered into marble or sandstones creating beautiful ornaments patterns.

4. What are the elements of a Mughal Chahar Bagh garden?

Ans-1.The Chahar Bagh gardens were made in rectangular enclosed walls and were divided into four equal parts.

2. These gardens were called Chahar bagh because of their symmetrical divisions into quarters.

5. How did a temple communicate the importance of a king?

Ans-1.Temple demonstrate their devotion to god.

2. Temple show their power.

3. Temple show their wealth.

NCERT Class 7th History Solutions Continue

Chapter.6: Towns, Traders, And Craftspersons






1. Fill in the blanks:

1. The Rajarajeshwara temple was built in Tamil Nadu.

2. Ajmer is associated with Sufi saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti.

3. Hampi was the capital of Vijayanagara empire.

4. The Dutch established a settlement at Masulipatnam in Andhra Pradesh

2.True or false.

1. We know the name of the architect of the Rajarajeshwara temple from an inscription. True

2. Merchants preferred to travel individually rather than in caravans. False

3. Kabul was a major center for trade in elephants. False

4. Surat was an important trading port on the Bay of Bengal. False.

3. How was water supplied to the city of Thanjavur?

Ans- Water supplied to the city of Thanjavur, from wells & tanks.

4. Who lived in the Black Towns in cities such as Madras?

Ans-1.In these towns, merchants and artisans used to live.

2.These towns established by the European companies.

5. Why do you think towns grew around temples?

Ans-1.Temple towns represent a very important pattern of urbanization.

2. Temple was often central to the economy and society.

3. Rulers built temples to demonstrate their devotion to be

6. How important were craftspersons for the building and maintenance of temples?

Ans-1.Craftspersons were essential to the building of temples.

2. They also played an important role in the construction of big buildings, tanks, and reservoirs.

7. Why did people from distant land visit Surat?

Ans-1.It was the major port of India.

2. It was the major trading center for gold and clothes.

3. It was also the gateway for trade in India.

4. It was also called the gateway to Mecca.

Chapter.7: Tribes, Nomads, And Settled Communities






1.Match the following:

garh.     ->        Chaurasi  

tanda     ->       caravan

laborer.      ->   paik

clan.        ->      Khel

Sib Singh    ->  Ahom state

Durgawati.    -> Garha Katanga

2. Fill in the blanks:

1. The new castes emerging within varnas were called jatis.

2. Buranjis were historical works written by the Ahoms.

3. The Akbarnama mentions that Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages.

4. As tribal states became bigger and stronger they gave land grants to poets and scholars.

3.State whether true or false:

1. Tribal societies had rich oral traditions. True

2. There were no tribal communities in the north-western part of the subcontinent. False

3. The chaurasi in Gond states contained several cities. False

4. The Bhils lived in the north-eastern part of the subcontinent. True

4. What kinds of exchanges took place between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturalists?

Ans-They exchanged wool, ghee with settled agriculturists for grain, clothes, utensils and other products.

5. How was the administration of the Ahom state organized?

Ans-1.Migrated to the Brahmaputra valley from present-day Myanmar.

2. Ahoms built a large state and for this they used firearms.

3. The state depended upon forced laborers.

4. The laborers that forced to do work for the state were called paiks.

5. The Ahom society was divided into clans or khels.

6. A Khel often controlled several villages.

7. Ahoms worshipped their own Bible Gods.

8. Ahom society was very sophisticated.

6. Were the Banjaras important for the economy?

Ans-Yes, as

1. They were the most important trader nomads.

2. They were used to transport grain to the city markets.

3. They also transported food grain for the Mughal’s army during military campaigns.

7. In what ways the history of the Gonds different from that of the Ahom?Were there any similarities?

Ans-

Gonds.                                                                                                                                             Ahoms

1. Lived in a  vast forest region called Godawanas.                             1. Migrated to the Brahmaputra valley in present-day Myanmar.

2. They practiced shifting cultivation.                                                   2. The Ahom state depended upon forced laborers.

3. Large Gond tribe divided into many small clans.                              3. Ahom city was divided into clans or khels.

4. The Akbar Nama mentions that Graha Katanga had                        4. A khel of ten controlled by the several villages.

70,000 villages.

Chapter.8: Devotional Paths To The Divine






1.Match the following:

The Buddha →    questioned social differences

Shankarsdeva.  → namghar

Nizamuddin Auliya.  → Sufi saint

Nayanars.  → worship of Shiva

Alvars    → worship of Vishnu

2. Fill in the blanks:

1. Shankara was an advocate of Advaita.

2. Ramanuja was influenced by the Bhakti.

3. Basvanna, Allama Prabhu, and Akkamahadevi were advocates of Virashaivism.

4. Pandhpur was an important center of the Bhakti tradition in Maharashtra.

3. Describe the beliefs and practices of the Nathpanthis, Siddhas, and Yogis.

Ans-1.They believed that the path to salvation is in meditation on the formless ultimate reality and the realization of oneness with it.

2. They advocate intense training of the mind and body through practices like yoga asanas.

4. What were the major ideas expressed by  Kabir? How did he express these?

Ans-.Kabir

1. His teachings were based on a complete indeed vehement, rejection of the major religious traditions.

2. His teachings openly ridiculed all forms of external worship of both Brahmanical Hinduism and Islam.

3. His teachings were in easy language which could be understood by ordinary people easily.

4. Kabir believed in a formless Supreme God and preached that the only path to salvation was through Bhakti or devotion.

5. What were the major beliefs and practices of the Sufis?

Ans-1.The Sufis often rejected the elaborate rituals & codes of behavior demanded by Muslim religious scholars.

2. They sought union with God much of a lower seeks his beloved with a disregard for the world.

3. The Sufis too composed poems expressing their feelings and a rich literature in prose including anecdotes and fables developed around them.

6. What were the major teachings of Baba Guru Nanak?

Ans-1.He emphasized the importance of the worship of one god.

2. He insisted that caste, creed or gender-irrelevant for attaining liberation.

3. He himself used the term nam, dan, and isnan for the essence of the essence of his teachings, welfare of others and purity of conduct.

4. His teachings are now remembered as nam-japna, kirt-karna, and vand-chhakna.

Chapter.9: The Making Of Regional Cultures






1.Match the following:

Anantavarman  →  Orissa

Jagannatha.  → Puri

Mohodayapuram.   → Kerala

Lilatilakam.   → Kerala

Mangalakavya.    →. Bengal

Miniature.   → Kangra

2. What is Manipravalam? Name a book written in that language.

Ans-It literally means diamond and corals referring to two languages.

1.Sanskrit.           2. the regional language Malayalam

A book written in this language was: Lilatilakam

3. Who were the major patrons of the Kathak?

Ans-Wajid Ali Shah, the last Nawab of Awadh.

4. What are the important architectural features of the temples of Bengal?

Ans-1.The temples began to copy the double-roofed or four-shaped structure of the thatched huts.

2. They have four-roofed structure,f our triangular roofs placed on the four walls move up to converge on a curved line or a point.

3. were usually built on a square platform.

5.W he did the conquerors try to control the temple of Jagannatha at Puri?

Ans-.The conquerors tried to control the temple of Jagannath at Puri because they felt that this would make their rule acceptable to the local people.

6.W hy were temples built in Bengal?

Ans-Temples were often built by individuals or groups who were becoming powerful to:

1. Demonstrate their power.

2. Proclaim their piety.

  1. Proclaimed their status, through the construction of temples.

Chapter.10: Eighteenth-Century Political Formation


1.Match the following:

subadar:                                   provincial governor

faujdar:                                    a Mughal military commander

ijaradar:                                   a revenue farmer

misl:                                         a band of Sikh warriors

Chauth:                                      a tax levied by the Marathas

kunbis:                                     Maratha peasant warriors

umara:                                     a high noble

2. Fill in the blanks:

1. Aurangzeb fought a protected war in the Deccan.

2. Umara and jagirdars constituted powerful sections of the Mughal nobility.

3. Asaf Jah founded the Hyderabad state in 1724.

4. The founder of the Awadh state was Burhan-ul-Mulk Sa'adat Khan.

3.State whether true or false:

1. Nadir Shah invaded Bengal. False

2. Sawai Raja Jai Singh was the ruler of Indore. False

3. Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. True

4. Poona became the capital of the Marathas in the eighteenth century. True

4. What were the offices held by Sa’adat Khan?

Ans-1.Subadari.

2.Diwani.

3.Faujdari

5. Why did the Nawabs of Awadh and Bengal try to do away with the jagirdari system?

Ans-The Nawabs of Awadh & Bengal tried to do away with the jagirdari system because it was highly suspicious. So, these states appointed his loyal servants and reduced the size of jagirs, they also reduced the number of offices holders to control their authority for their revenue was collected in a case.

6. How were the Sikhs organized in the eighteenth century?

Ans-Under the number of able leaders in the 18th century the Sikhs organized themselves into a number of bands called Jathas, and later on misls. These combined force were known as the grand army(Dal Khalsa). A system called rakhi was introduced.

7. Why did the Marathas want to expand beyond the Deccan?

Ans-Marathas wanted to expand their areas beyond the Deccan because this expansion brought enormous resources. By the expansion, new trade routes emerged within areas controlled by the Marathas.

8. What were the policies adopted by Asaf Jah to strengthen his position?

Ans-1.As the Mughal governor of the Deccan province, Asaf Jah had already had control over it political and financial administration.

2.Taking subsequent advantages of the turmoil in the Deccan and the competition amongst the court nobility he gathered the actual rulers of that regions.

3. He appointed mansabdars and granted jagirs.

NCERT Class 7th History Solutions (End)


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NCERT Class 7th History Solutions

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