NCERT Solutions For Class 8th Civics

NCERT Class 8th Civics Solutions







NCERT Class 8th Civics Solutions

Chapter.1: The Indian Constitution






1. Why does a democratic country need a Construction?

Ans-The constitution of a  country is a body of fundamental or basic laws according to which country govern.

Chapter.2: Understanding Secularism

Check out the notes section.

Chapter.3: Why do we need a Parliament?

Check out the notes section.

Chapter.4: Understanding Laws

Check out the notes section.

Chapter.5: Judiciary

Check out the notes section.

Chapter.6: Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

Check out the notes section.

NCERT Class 8th Civics Solutions Continue

Chapter.7: Understanding Marginalisation






1. Write in your own words two or more sentences of what do you understand by the word marginalization?

Ans-The word marginalization refers to the situation when an individual or group of people is deprived of certain privileges or treated as different from others. Marginalisation can be experienced in every sphere, economic, social, cultural and political factors work together to make a certain group in society feel marginalized.

2.List two reasons why Adivasis are becoming marginalized?

Ans-1.They forced to leave their natural habitats.
2.Their land were occupied by the government & industries.

3.Write one reason why do you think the Constitution safeguards to protect minority communities are very important?

Ans-To protect them against any discrimination and disadvantages

4.Re-read the section on Minorities and Marginalization. What do you understand by the term minority?

Ans-This term is most commonly used to refer to those communities who are numerically smaller in relation to the rest of the population.

Chapter.8: Confronting Marginalisation






why Adivasis are becoming marginalized?

Ans-1.They forced to leave their natural habitats.

2. Their land was occupied by the government & industries.

3. Write one reason why do you think the constitutional safeguards to protect minority communities are very important?

Ans-To protect them against any discrimination and disadvantages

4. Re-read the section on Minorities and Marginalisation. What do you understand by the term minority?

Ans-This term is most commonly used to refer to those communities who are numerically smaller in relation to the rest of the population.

1.List two fundamental rights in the Constitution that Dalits can draw upon to insist that they are treated with dignity and as equals. Re-read the fundamental rights listed on page 14 to help you answer this question.

Ans-1.Right to equality.

2.Right against exploitation.

2. Re-read the story of Rahman as well as the provisions of the 1989 Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act. Now list one reason why do you think he used this law to file a complaint.

Ans-This law provides protection to Dalits and Adivasis against the denomination and violence of powerful castes, therefore, Rathman sought the support of this law.

3. Why do Adivasi activist, C.K. Janu, believe Adivasis can also use this 1989 Act to fight against dispossession? Is there anything specific in the provisions of the Act that allows her to believe this?

Ans-The 1989 Act defends the rights of Adivasis to occupy land that was traditionally theirs. The land belonging to tribal people cannot be used by, non- tribal people. In areas, where this has happened the constitution guarantees the right of tribal people to re-poses their land.

Chapter.9: Public Facilities






1. Why do you think there are so few cases of private water supply in the world?

Ans-Throughout the world, water supply is a function of the government. So, there are so few cases of private water supply.

2. Do you think water in Chennai is available by all? Discuss.

Ans-1.Water supply in Chennai is marked by shortages.

2. Municipal supply meets only about half the need of the people on an average.

3. There are areas which get water more regularly than others.

4. Those areas that are close to the storage points get more water whereas colonies further away receive less water.

5. The burden of the shortfalls in waterfalls mostly on the poor.

6. The availability of water, access to safe drinking water is also available to some and this depends on what one can afford.

7.The booming market in bottled water and water purifiers.P people who can afford it have safe water, whereas the poor again left out.

3. How is the sale of water by farmers to water dealers in Chennai affecting the local people? Do you think local people can object to such exploitation of groundwater? Can the government do anything in this regard?

Ans-1.It causing shortages of water for people for drinking & irrigation.

2. Yes, local people can object to such exploitation as a right to water is a part of 'right to life’ and that is being violated.

3. The government should take action against such case and provide adequate water to all. Also as the government is responsible for providing public facilities adequate manner.

4. Why are most of the private hospitals and private schools located in major cities and not in towns and rural areas?

Ans- Because in cities there is more population and also there is a large number of rich & middle-class families which can afford high fees levied by the private hospitals and schools.Which is not possible for the people in the towns and rural areas.

  1. Do you think the distribution of public facilities in our country is adequate and fair? Give an example of your own to explain.

Ans-No, there are shortages in supply and inequalities in distribution. Wealthy localities get more water easily whereas poorer localities find difficulties to get adequate water.

NCERT Class 8th Civics Solutions

Chapter.10: Law and Social Justice






1. What are the advantages to foreign companies in setting up production in India?

Ans-1.Availability of market.

2.Easy availability of cheap laborers ( both skilled & unskilled)

3.Suitable land.

4.Suitable government policies.

5. There are absolute peace and favorable working conditions.

6.Sufficient infrastructural facilities.

2. Do you think the victims of the Bhopal gas tragedy got justice? Discuss

Ans-No, even now after 24 years of the tragedy people is still fighting for justice: for safe drinking water, for healthcare facilities, and for job opportunities.

3. What do we mean when we speak of law enforcement? Who is responsible for enforcement? Why is enforcement so important?

Ans-1.As the lawmaker and enforcer, the government is responsible to ensure that safety laws are implemented. It is also the duty of the government to ensure that “right to life” is not violated.

2. Instead of protecting the Interests of the people, their safety is being discarded both by the government and by private companies.

3. This is obviously not all desirable. There is a great need for stronger and better enforcement of laws.

4. How can laws ensure that markets work in a manner that is fair? Give two examples to support your answer?

Ans-1.To ensure that every worker gets fair wages.

2. To ensure that no child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or mines or engaged in any other hazardous employment

5. What are the sources of environmental pollution in your area? Discuss with respect to

a)air;(b) water and (c).W hat are the steps being taken to reduce the pollution? Can you suggest some other measures?

Ans-(a) Air is polluted by:

1. Burning of unsuitable fuels such as wood, cow dung, leaves. Which produce CO2 in excess.

2. Carbon monoxide produced from improperly maintained vehicles.

3.Harmful gases produced by factories, coal mines and by refineries.

(b) Water pollution:

1. Mixing of sewage with clean water.

2. Discharging of Industrial waste in water bodies.

3. Throwing toxic materials like plastic, in water bodies.

4. Mixing of agricultural chemicals with water.

(c)Soil pollution

1. Throwing of plastics anywhere unawarely.

2.Using chemical pesticides.

3. Flowing of dirty water on the land.

2. Steps should be taken :

(a)With respect to air

  1. People should burn suitable fuel.

2. More & more plants should grow.

3. Gas filtration tools should be installed in factories.

(b) With respect to water

1.Keeping water bodies clean.

2. Treating Industrial waste before releasing into water bodies.

3.Keeping away wastewater pipelines from the usable water.

(c)With respect to soil

1.Aware of not throwing things made of plastics here & there.

2. Minimizing the use of chemical pesticides.

3. Putting garbage at its proper place.

NCERT Class 8th Civics Solutions (End)

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NCERT Class 8th Civics Solutions

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